Extra chapter - Kimono

Culture of Plane Surface Configuration

Japanese Only

Types of Kimono& the Formality of Kimono

Yukata is a type of kimono worn during the hot summer seasons at festiva1s,fireworks,Bon dance festivals,as comfort wear at home or as sleep wear. There are several types of Kimonos in Japan, most of while most of which are made of silk and adored with elaborate dyes and embroidery and worn according to rules set by Formality of Kimono

Omiya-Mairi

There is a tradition for a family to visit temples to pray and thank the guardian god for a child's birth after about a month from its arrival. A festive kimono is used to cover the child.

‘Shichi-Go-San (The Seven-Five-Three Festival)’

The tradition of three-year-old celebration originates from the fact that girls started to grow their hair from the spring of their third year. A vest-like Hifu is worn over a long ankle-length kimono.
The five-year-old festival celebrates boy’s first donning of Hakama, the long pleated pant skirt, by wearing the formal full set of Hakama and Haori decorated with family crest.
The seven-year-old festival celebrates girls’ donning of formal style kimono with Obi.

‘Graduation Ceremony’

More and more female university students are donning Hakama for their graduation ceremonies over solid color Iro-Muji with family crest, ceremonial Houmon-Gi, or long-sleeved Furi-Ssode kimonos.

‘Coming-of-age and Wedding Ceremonies ’

Boys wear the formal full set of Hakama & Haori decorated with family crest, and girls wear Furi-Sode kimonos with long sleeves.
Furi-Sode is the formal wear for young unmarried women and is worn at wedding ceremonies by the guests and by the bride as her Oiro-Naoshi kimono to change into after her wedding dress.

‘Tea Ceremony & Going to Theatres’

Houmon-Gi, Tuke-Sage, Iro-Muji, or Komon is worn at tea ceremonies and for going to theatres. The traditional wabi-sabi idealism that values the quaint simplicity and placidness disapproves the use of loud flashy colors at tea ceremonies. However, colorful and festive kimonos are preferred at theatres. The atmosphere of the kimono can also be altered by how the Obi is tied.

‘For cold weathers and rain’

A coat or a Haori is worn over kimono at cold times. There are long coats and half-length coats and various patterns in the shapes of collars. Rain coats are worn on rainy days. Coats cannot be worn in doors, but Haori is permitted. Men can wear Haori as formal wear, while women cannot.

‘Funeral Service’

Black mourning kimono decorated with five family crests are worn at funerals. Obi and other accessories should all be black.

‘Enjoy Wearing Kimono’

The spirit behind Rikyu’s Seven Rules of Tea is the way of life all Japanese should aim to carry out.
“Make a satisfying bowl of tea;
Lay the charcoal so that the water boils efficiently;
Arrange the flowers as they are in the fields;
Provide a sense of warmth in winter and coolness in summer;
Be ready ahead of time;
Be prepared for rain even if it is not raining;
Act with the utmost consideration toward your guests.”
Kimono boasts itself as one of the most beautiful folklore costumes in the world maximized by the fine artifice of fabric-dyeing. Design patterns adopted from four seasons and specific wearing rules set by Formality of Kimono of each stages of life have created a distinctive culture of its own.
Getting to know the kimono, enjoying wearing the kimono, and learning to fold and put away the kimono should all lead to acquiring integrity and courtesy in your life.

© Bunka Fashion Research Institute・Joint Research Center for Fashion and Clothing Culture-20014
:"The education program for the cultural folklore and for the transmission of “Kimono” culture"